Exhibition I features artifacts excavated from the tomb of King Muryeong, the 25th king of the Baekje Kingdom (r. 501-523). The items are exhibited and organized to help the visitor understand the culture of Baekje from this time period.
Some 4,600 artifacts, representing 108 different types, were excavated from the tomb of King Muryeong, which was discovered in 1971 inside a large earthen mound in Gongju. Inside the tomb, there was a corridor that contained two stone plaques engraved with epitaphs for the king and queen, as well as a bundle of Wu Shu coins from China. Behind the epitaphs, there was a stone guardian animal facing south, apparently to guard the tomb.
The king and queen were buried in wooden coffins, the remains of which were found on the bier of the tomb. Beneath the wooden shards of the coffins were numerous ornaments and engraved goods used by the king and queen, including gold diadem ornaments, gold earrings, a gold and silver belt, gilt-bronze shoes, gold bracelets, and many others. Around the king’s waist was a large sword with a grip decorated with a dragon and phoenix, symbolizing the king’s sovereignty. Furthermore, head rests and foot rests for the king and queen were placed in front of the wooden coffins. Other artifacts found in the tomb included a three-sided bronze mirror and a silver cup with a bronze stand.
Artifacts from the Tomb of King Muryeong